This is actually described in the link given in comments. A time suspension is for
When users exhibit a pattern of either …
No effort to learn and improve over time
- This user does not put reasonable effort into the questions they ask
of the community.
- There is little or no evidence of this user
learning over time, either in the topic itself or in the community
norms on the site.
- This user intentionally spams the site with the
same question or very similar questions, over and over.
- The user never gives anything back to the community, but only takes.
- Other users tend to react poorly to this user’s contributions, posting negative responses in kind and generally causing a commotion.
- There is a broad sense of community resentment over this user’s behavior, and they are frequently cited in discussion about the community.
- There is a dark storm cloud of moderator flags that seems to follow this user around wherever they go.
- The moderators get email complaints about this user’s behavior.
- This user makes overtly snide, rude, or hostile comments to their fellow users.
This will result in a timed suspension. Speaking as a moderator on site we do not like doing this. The only thing I dislike more is when a user decides to delete their account. Issues should be resolved and the number of productive members should always increase.
As to the results of this,
Depending on the severity of the problem behavior — and at the complete discretion of the moderator — your account will be placed in timed suspension for anywhere from 1 to 365 days. That means:
- Your account will be locked at 1 reputation.
- Your user page will have a visual indication that you are in timed suspension, and for how long.
- You will be unable to vote, ask, answer, or comment.
And as one of our other users pointed out, they are moved down to 1 rep, you cannot find them easily in the user page anymore, their signature everywhere shows them with the lowest rep possible and they are not able to take part in the site beyond watching. I consider this part of both allowing the user to cool-down, which is the common reason we give a 1-day suspension, or making the results of such behavior more clear, but this is a person thought. The length of suspension tools have some automated mechanics that are not worth expanding on but we have a relatively clear cut way of progressing with problem users. Any interesting point that is made in the blog post.
If we think you are reachable, and the behavior is one that we feel can change, we will try to warn you via email first when there are behavior problems — so that we can address them before they become deeper problems. But I make no guarantees; the community moderators are very, very busy and there are a lot of things that need their attention. The odds of moderators contacting you with a warning first will be in direct proportion to how much evidence you’ve given us that you are, in fact, a potentially valuable and contributing member of the community.
And the blog post shows a picture for what they mean by penalty box, which is a public display of the issue. The 1 on your account is clearly out of place, you have answers with upvotes(we hope) but your account only shows a 1.